17 facts about horses

 Admire them during your visit to Xcaret

We see them at the Mexico Espectacular show, also at the Hacienda Henequenera. For sure horses surprised you with their elegant appearance with the traditional horsewomen and horsemen at the fascinating Equestrian Performance. 


Horses are part of the fauna that you can admire at Xcaret Park. Also, they are an essential part of the history of Mexico in colonial times. That is why we want to show you some fascinating facts about them:

  1. Xcaret has 38 horses from different breeds; quarter horse, criollo horse, Spanish mustang and Azteca breed.
  2. Formerly, quarter horses used to be for farm works because of their strength. While Spanish Mustangs were distinguished for their elegance.


    Did you know that Azteca horses are a 100% Mexican breed?

  3. All Xcaret horses have a Mayan name, like Pixam, Oktan, Yumkax o Kinich. Indeed, it’s part of a tradition.
  4. They can eat more than 40 pounds of food a day. Grass, oat, alfalfa and green fodder are their favorites.
  5. Teeth never stop growing on horses. Therefore they have to visit the dentist every six months.
  6. Did you know that horses stand on one finger? It is called hoof, composed of keratin like our hair and nails. And it also never stop growing like their teeth.
  7. Month after month, horses are fitted with horseshoes that help them not to get hurt. Horseshoes do not cause any discomfort in them.
  8. Eleven months is the gestation period of a horse. There is a particular maternity area at Xcaret, where vets can be in constant check up with the pregnant mares and foals.
  9. The maternity area has beds made of rubber and shavings. Beds are prepared for support mares and foals weight during birth.


    Did you know that mares give birth at dawn or night?

  10. All these actions are part of a reproductive and care program that has nine years long now. Medical checkups like removing parasites and daily care routines are part of this program. Consequently, eight veterinarians are taking care of the horses 24/7 at Xcaret.
  11. Equine technicians are in charge of taking care of all the horses at Xcaret.
  12. A newborn foal takes between 30 minutes to one hour to stand after receiving his mom colostrum. Here is where he receives antibodies, proteins, and vitamins for his first days of life. The little one will be inseparable from his mother until six months of age.


    Every day they take a bath and are braided to look spectacular for the different performances at the Park.

  13. Horses reach their maximum size about the age of 4.
  14. Before put the saddle, horses are protected with an orthopedic blanket. Horsewomen are traditionally named “escaramuzas” in Mexico. They use a packsaddle instead of a regular seat.


    The place where the Horse Exhibition is performed is called “picadero.”

  15. Charros” or horsemen ride in astride style. Escaramuzas sit with both legs in the same side also known to ride sidesaddle.
  16. Discover more about this 100% Mexican tradition: The escaramuza charra.
  17. As a result of these cares, a special bond is formed between horse riders and horses. Based on love and trust that’s how is built this part of Xcaret’s family.

Finally and although they are not part of the equine family, let me introduce to you Anselmo, the miniature donkey, and Mezcal, the Cebu. They are also loved by everyone at Xcaret. Do not forget to visit them near the Hacienda Henequenera.