Architectural beauty in Mexico
Places that make time stand still
The haciendas have been part of Mexico’s history since the colonial period. In many of these, people used to live or work for landlords. Nowadays, a lot of them are museums, hotels or farms, making their beauty an accessible privilege for everyone to enjoy.
That is why we want to share with you this list of the 10 most interesting haciendas that you should visit in your travel to Mexico.
1.- Hacienda San Miguel, Yucatán.
Built in 1542 by his owner Mr. Gaspar Gonzalez a couple of years after Valladolid city’s foundation in the Yucatan State. Its lands were useful for the harvest/reap of cotton, beans and corn. Its inhabitants worked in the breeding of cows and poultry for sale and food.
Today, this beautiful hacienda is open as a hotel with all the services for travellers seeking to connect with nature in a quiet place.
2.- La Noria Hacienda
Nowadays this hacienda is better known as Mexico City Dolores Olmedo Museum, a space dedicated to explore the life and art of Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera, iconic characters in the Mexican history. Built over lands occupied by Xochimilco Etnies in prehispanic times in the XVI century. Acquired by Miss Dolores Olmedo in 1962.
The museum opened its doors in the year 1994 surrounded by big gardens with a lot of endemic fauna and plant life for example Xoloitzcuintles, real peacock and different kind of birds.
3.- Gogorrón Hacienda
His owner was Mr Pedro Arizmendi Gogorrón who built it in 1750 at the San Luis Potosi state, Mexico. With an extension of about 35,000 hectares it is prosperously used for agriculture activities, textile crafts and mezcal production.
Nowadays Gogorrón Hacienda operates as a hotel with services like restaurants and pools. A fun fact is that this place was used during the making of The Mask of Zorro’s movie.
4.- Vista Hermosa Hacienda
Located at Cuernavaca, Morelos state, founded by Hernan Cortés in 1529. The hacienda was built with giant rocks like a fort because of the lack of wood or steel for its construction. Its walls have approximately 1.80 metres of thickness. During war times, it was a very good place to stay safe. This hacienda was the home to about 23,000 residents: most of them worked in the sugar refinery industry ,main activity of this place.
After many wars this building endured, Fernando Martinez and Fernando Gonzales bought the ruins in 1945. The hacienda opened its doors in 1947 with the name “Hotel Hacienda Vista Hermosa”.
We recommend you: Mexico’s 6 most colorful towns
5.- Santiago Texmelucan Hacienda.
Built in 1698 by his owner mister Matias Rivero, a Spanish citizen, who used to transport precious fabrics from Zacatecas to Veracruz. Living in Mexico, Matias Rivero built 7 haciendas for each of his sons, and it was Cuauhtemoc Rivero, one of them, who received this majestic hacienda called Santiago Texmelucan.
Its 3,000 long hectares were used for cattle breeding and mezcal production. Today it is open as a hotel at the Puebla state with the perfect scenarios for weddings and camping.
6.- Argovia Hacienda.
Located in Chiapas, built by swiss Argau family. Bought at the end of the XIX century by Adolf Giesemann, in fact, nowadays the hacienda is run by the fourth generation of this family. In the early times, inhabitants worked at the coffee plantation. Nowadays the hacienda runs a hotel with his own sustainable power source. It also has recycling and reforestation programs and coffee products are reused as a fertilizer as well. That’s why this hacienda is a unique experience for visitors and locals.
7.- La Loma Hacienda.
Built in 1798 by Spanish Jose Zambrano. The full building and the open areas are decorated with Mexican colonial style. The main economic activity in its 57,000 hectares was the cattle breed and coffee production. Today it is the Division del Norte Museum, keeping alive our country history in two exhibition halls with the main characters of the Mexican Revolution. It is located in Durango state.
8.- Sepúlveda Hacienda.
Built by his owner Don Juan de Sepúlveda in 1648, prosper land for the cattle breeding and agriculture. With a 171 hectares area, its inhabitants cultivated beans and rice in colonial times.
The main building was restored to have a boutique hotel. This property offers a unique experience for its visitors mixing the history of the place and luxury services like spas, pool and a temazcal. For many couples, it has the perfect scenario for an unforgettable wedding.
9.- San Cristóbal Polaxtla Hacienda
There isn’t an accurate date of construction for this Hacienda, but according to a native history, it could be the oldest one in the San Martin Texmelucan village where it is located. During the XIX century, its lands were the property of four ranches: the main activity here was the pulque production.
Nowadays it is one of the best Latinoamerican Museums with amazing European and new Hispanic paintings, displaying also Mexican silver, ceramics and European clocks. One special feature of this property is the convent, with its restored organ which is still in use for concerts.
10.- Maria Xalostoc Hacienda
Founded in the XVI century, its 3,500 hectares were dedicated for cattle breed, maguey production and pulque elaboration. The train tracks opened alternative routes that helped the pulque supply to Puebla and Mexico, this also helped the hacienda became richer.
After a restoration made by architect Luis Ortiz Macedo, the new haciendas hotel was open for business preserving antique details in the eight suites and ten rooms which provide a unique experience for the site history.